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The Committee on the Rights of the Chikd is the body of independent experts which monitors implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by State parties. It also monitors implementation of two optional protocols to the Convention, one on involvement of children in armed conflict and the other on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
All States parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights of children are being implemented. States must report initially two years after acceding to the Convention and then every five years after that. The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of 'concluding observations'.
The Committee welcomes country-specific information from non-governmental organizations and youth boards, in the form of alternative or shadow reports or oral presentations by NGO representatives during the informal consultation meetings with the Committee.
Articles 42 to 45 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child outline the duties and functions of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
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